Thursday, January 5, 2012

January 5 in History

January 5 is National Bird Day in the US.
  • 1895 – French military officer Alfred Dreyfus was stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island for treason. Amidst charges of anti-Semitism, he was exonerated of all charges in 1906. 
  • 1914 – The Ford Motor Company announced an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 (0.63 cents per hour) for a day's labor.
  • 1918 – The Free Committee for a German Workers Peace, which would become the Natzi party, was founded.
  • 1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming became the 1st woman governor in the United States
  • 1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge began in San Francisco Bay. 
  • 1939 – Amelia Earhart, American aviator was declared dead after disappearing in 1937. She was born in 1897.
  • 1972 – US President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
  • 1974 – The warmest reliably measured temperature (+59°F) in Antarctica was recorded at Vanda Station.
  • 2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, was discovered using images originally taken in 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.

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