Monday, January 23, 2012

January 23 in History

January 23 is the 23rd day of the year. There are 343 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang ascended the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating the Ming Dynasty that would last for three centuries.
  • 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history hit Shaanxi province, China. The estimated death toll was 830,000.
  • 1571 – The Royal Exchange opened in London.
  • 1789 – Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, was founded in Georgetown, Maryland.
  • 1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell was awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, becoming the US' first woman doctor.
  • 1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opened in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • 1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first Native American US Senator.
  • 1941 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh testified before the US Congress to recommend that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1950 – The Israeli Knesset passed a resolution declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
  • 1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending 35,798 feet in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, was ratified.
  • 1968 – North Korea seized the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
  • 1973 – President Richard Nixon announced that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1986 – The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducted its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Elvis Presley.
  • 1997 – Madeleine Albright became the first woman to serve as US Secretary of State.
  • 2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently executed.

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