Tuesday, January 31, 2012

January 31 in History

  • January 31 is the 31st day of the year. There are 335 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1865 – The US Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution abolishing slavery.
  • 1876 – The US government ordered all Native Americans to move onto reservations.
  • 1930 – 3M began marketing Scotch Tape.
  • 1956 – A A. Milne, English author and “father” of Pooh, Tigger, and Eeyore, died. He was born in 1882.
  • 1990 – The first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opened in Moscow.
  • 2011 – Eunice Sanborn, American and world's oldest living person at time of her death (114), died. She was born in 1896.

Monday, January 30, 2012

January 30 in History

  • January 30 is the 30th day of the year. There are 336 days remaining until the end of the year. 
  • 1048 – The villagers around today's Baden-Baden elected their own priest in defiance of the local Bishop.
  • 1615 – Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and son of Pocahontas and John Rolfe, was born. He died in 1675.
  • 1790 – The first boat built as a lifeboat was tested on the River Tyne.
  • 1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, was opened.
  • 1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Angesey to the north west coast of Wales, was opened.
  • 1835 – In the first assassination attempt against a US President, Richard Lawrence attempted to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but failed  and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen.
  • 1847 – Yerba Buena, California was renamed San Francisco.
  • 1862 – The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor, was launched.
  • 1911 – An airplane from the destroyer USS Terry made the first airplane rescue at sea.
  • 1913 – The UK’s House of Lords rejected the Irish Home Rule Bill.
  • 1933 – Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1948 – Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
  • 1956 – American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home was bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1969 – The Beatles’ last public performance took place on the roof of Apple Recordsin London. Police broke up the concert.
  • 1971 – Carol King’sTapestry album was released, it became the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sold 24 million copies.
  • 1982 – The first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner,” was written.
  • 1989 – The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan was closed.

Sunday, January 29, 2012

January 29 in History

January 29 is the 29th day of the year. There are 337 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1845 – The Raven was published in the New York Evening Mirror, the first publication of Edgar Allan Poe.
  • 1861 – Kansas was admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
  • 1886 – Karl Benz patented the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
  • 1891 – Liliuokalani was proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
  • 1900 – The American League was organized in Philadelphia with 8 teams. 
  • 1916 – Paris was first bombed by German zeppelins during WWI.
  • 1936 – The first five inductees into the Baseball Hall of Fame were announced.
  • 2005– The first direct commercial flights from mainland China  (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei.

Saturday, January 28, 2012

January 28 in History

January 28 is the 28th day of the year. There are 338 days remaining until the end of the year.

  • 1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great.
  • 1754 – Horace Walpole coined the word “serendipity” in a letter to Horace Mann. 
  • 1813 – Pride and Prejudice was first published in the United Kingdom.
  • 1855 – The first locomotive ran from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
  • 1878 – The Yale Daily News became the first daily college newspaper in the United States.
  • 1887 – At Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes were reported, 15 inches wide and 8 inches thick.
  • 1896 – Walter Arnold of the UK became the 1st person to be convicted of speeding (8mp in a 2mph zone) He was fined one shilling.
  • 1902 – The Carnegie Institution was founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
  • 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress created the United States Coast Guard.
  • 1977 – The first day of the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 accumulated close to 10 feet of snow.

Friday, January 27, 2012

January 27 in History

January 27 is the 27th day of the year. There are 339 days remaining until the end of the year.
January 27 is International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
  • 1593 – The Vatican opened seven-year trial of scholar Giordano Bruno for heresy and blasphemy.
  • 1888 – The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1825 – The US Congress approved Indian Territory (in present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
  • 1945 – The Russian Army liberates the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
  • 1967 – Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffee were killed in a fire during a test of their Apollo 1 spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
  • 1996 – Germany first observed International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
  • 2006 – Western Union discontinued its telegram services.

Thursday, January 26, 2012

January 26 in History

January 26 is the 26th day of the year. There are 340 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1565 – Battle of Talikota led to the destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India.
  • 1700 – A magnitude 9 earthquake hit  the west coast of North America.
  • 1836 – Michigan was admitted as the 26th US state.
  • 1841 – The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong, which China later ceded  to the UK.
  • 1861 – Louisiana seceded from the Union.
  • 1863 – The Governor of Massachusetts received permission from the US Secretary of War  to raise a militia for men of  African descent.
  • 1892 – Bessie Coleman, American aviator and first African-American woman to hold a pilot’s license, was born. She died in 1926.
  • 1905 – The world's largest diamond, weighing 3,106.75 carats was found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria, South Africa.
  • 1911 – Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful American seaplane.
  • 1924 – Saint Petersburg, Russia was renamed Leningrad.
  • 1930 – The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day.
  • 1942 – During World War II, the first United States military forces arrive in Europe, landing in Northern Ireland.
  • 1949 – The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory saw first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble,  becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 was built in 1976).
  • 1961 – John F. Kennedy appointed Janet G. Travell as his physician, the first woman to hold the position.
  • 1965 – Hindi became the official language of India.
  • 1978 – The Great Blizzard of 1978, a blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio-Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph.
  • 1980 – Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
  • 1992 – Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, announced that Russia would stop targeting United States’ cities with nuclear weapons.
  • 2011 – The Syrian uprising began.

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

January 25 in History

January 25 is the 25th day of the year. There are 341 days remaining until the end of the year.

  • 1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
  • 1755 – Moscow University was established.
  • 1787 – American Daniel Shays led a rebellion to seize a Federal arsenal to protest debtors’ prisons.
  • 1858 – The Wedding March by Mendelssohn became popular after it was played at Queen Victoria’s daughter’s wedding.
  • 1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company.
  • 1890 – Nellie Bly completed her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
  • 1909 – Richard Strauss’ opera Electra debuted at the Dresden State Opera.
  • 1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to San Francisco.
  • 1919 – The League of Nations was founded.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics opened, inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
  • 1937 –The Guiding Light debuted on NBC radio from Chicago. In 1952, it moved to CBS TV, where it remained until 2009.
  • 1954 – Kay Cottee, Australian sailor & first woman to circumnavigate the world alone, was born.
  • 1961 – John F. Kennedy delivered the first live presidential television news conference.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson and three women are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
  • 1981 – Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, was sentenced to death.
  • 1996 – Billy Bailey became the last person to be hanged in the US.
  • 2011 – Egyptian Revolution of 2011 began with a series of street demonstrations, marches, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria, and other cities in Egypt.

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

January 24 in History

January 24 is the 24th day of the year. There are 342 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1848 – James Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill, near Sacramento, setting off the California gold rush.
  • 1857 – The University of Calcutta was formally founded.
  • 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the United States Supreme Court declared the federal income tax to be constitutional.
  • 1942 – The Allies bombed Bangkok, leading Thailand to declare war against the United States and United Kingdom.
  • 1965 – Winston Churchill, soldier, politician, historian, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and 1953 Nobel laureate in Literature, died.
  • 1972 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungle 27 years after the end of World War II. 
  • 1984 – The first Apple Macintosh went on sale. 
  • 2003 – The US Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.

Monday, January 23, 2012

January 23 in History

January 23 is the 23rd day of the year. There are 343 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang ascended the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating the Ming Dynasty that would last for three centuries.
  • 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history hit Shaanxi province, China. The estimated death toll was 830,000.
  • 1571 – The Royal Exchange opened in London.
  • 1789 – Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, was founded in Georgetown, Maryland.
  • 1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell was awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, becoming the US' first woman doctor.
  • 1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opened in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • 1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first Native American US Senator.
  • 1941 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh testified before the US Congress to recommend that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1950 – The Israeli Knesset passed a resolution declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
  • 1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending 35,798 feet in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, was ratified.
  • 1968 – North Korea seized the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
  • 1973 – President Richard Nixon announced that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1986 – The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducted its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Elvis Presley.
  • 1997 – Madeleine Albright became the first woman to serve as US Secretary of State.
  • 2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently executed.

Sunday, January 22, 2012

January 22 in History

January 22 is the 22nd day of the year. There are 344 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.
  • 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1905 – Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
  • 1917 – President Woodrow Wilson, of the still-neutral United States, called for "peace without victory" in Europe.
  • 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1927 – The first live radio commentary of a football (soccer) match.
  • 1946 – The creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency, occurred.
  • 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, began operation in Hollywood, California.
  • 1973 – The US Supreme Court delivered its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with Apple’s 1984-themed television commercial.
  • 2002 – Kmart became the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

Saturday, January 21, 2012

January 21 in History

January 21 is the 21st day of the year. There are 345 days remaining until the end of the year.
January 21 is National Hug Day in the US.
  • 1789 – The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, was printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1908 – New York City passed the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public. The mayor vetoed it.
  • 1915 – Kiwanis International was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1976 – Commercial service of the Concorde began with the London to Bahrain and Paris to Rio routes.
  • 1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned American Vietnam War draft evaders.
  • 2008 – Marie Smith Jones, the last native speaker of the Eyak language died. She was born in 1918.

Friday, January 20, 2012

January 20 in History

  • January 20 is the 20th day of the year. There are 346 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1265 – In Westminster, the first English Parliament conducted its first meeting.
  • 1783 – Great Britain signed a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1885 – L. A. Thompson patented the roller coaster.
  • 1887 – The US Senate allowed the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
  • 1892 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game was played.
  • 1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union was founded.
  • 1929 – In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, was released.
  • 1934 – Fujifilm was founded in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1942 – At the Wannsee Conference, senior Nazi officials discussed the implementation of the “final solution” to the “Jewish Question.”
  • 1986 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
  • 1999 – The China News Service announced new government restrictions on Internet use, use, aimed especially at Internet cafes.

Thursday, January 19, 2012

January 19 in History

January 19 is the 19th day of the year. There are 347 days remaining until the end of the year. 
  • 1788 – The second group of ships of the First Fleet, carrying prisoner-colonists, arrives at Botany Bay in Australia.
  • 1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s “Faust, Part 1” premiered.
  • 1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore premiered in Rome.
  • 1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires began service in Roselle, New Jersey.
  • 1915 – Georges Claude patented the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate voted against joining the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – Coopers, Inc. sold the world's first men’s briefs (underwear).
  • 1937 – Howard Hughes set a new air record by flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
  • 1946 – General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
  • 1977 – President Gerald Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D’Aquino a.k.a Tokyo Rose who broadcast Japanese propaganda to US troops in World War II.
  • 1977 – Snow fell in Miami, Florida, the only time in the history of the city that snow had fallen there.
  • 1978 – The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany left the VW's plant in Emden.
  • 1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple to have a graphical user interface and a mouse was announced.

Wednesday, January 18, 2012

January 18 in History

January 18 is the 18th day of the year. There are 348 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1778 – James Cook was the first known European to visit the Hawaiian Islands, which he named the Sandwich Islands.
  • 1788 – The first elements of the first fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrived at Botany Bay.
  • 1813 – Joseph Glidden, American farmer who patented barbed wire, was born. He died in 1906.
  • 1911 – Eugene Ely landed on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in the San Francisco harbor, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.
  • 1943 – The first uprising of the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
  • 1944 – The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosted a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge, and Jack Teagarden.
  • 1993 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was officially observed for the first time in all 50 states.
  • 1997 – Boerge Ousland of Norway became the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided.

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

January 17 in History

January 17 is the 17th day of the year. There are 348 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1773 – Captain James Cook and his crew become the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle.
  • 1899 – The United States took possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1911 – George Joseph Stigler, American economist and Nobel Prize  laureate, was born. He died in 1991.
  • 1917 – The US paid Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
  • 1929 – “Popeye the Sailor Man,” created by Elzie Segar, first appeared in the Thimble Theatre comic strip.
  • 1933 – Shari Lewis, American ventriloquist & “Mom” of Lambchop, was born. She died in 1998.
  • 1945 – Nazis began the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces approached.
  • 1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was taken into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he was never publicly seen again.
  • 1949 – The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, aired.
  • 1950 – Eleven thieves stole $2+ million from a Brinks Company's offices in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1964 – Michelle Obama, attorney & US First Lady, was born.
  • 1983 – The tallest department store in the world, Hudson’s, in downtown Detroit closed due to high cost of operating.
  • 1995 - A magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit near Kobe, Japan, causing extensive property damage and killing 6,434 people.
  • 2001 – President Bill Clinton posthumously raised Meriwether Lewis’ rank from Lieutenant to Captain.
  • 2007 – The Doomsday Clock was set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing.

Monday, January 16, 2012

January 16 in History

January 16 is the 16th day of the year. There are 350 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 27 BCE – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus was granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
  • 1492  – The first grammar of the Spanish language was  presented to Queen Isabella I. #writing #amwriting #grammar #Spain
  • 1581 – The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.
  • 1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes was published in Madrid, Spain.
  • 1777 – Vermont declared its independence from New York.
  • 1786 – The Commonwealth of Virginia enacted the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
  • 1821 – John C. Breckinridge, 14th Vice President of the US and Confederate general, was born. He died in 1875.
  • 1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, was passed.
  • 1909 – Ernest Shackleton’s expedition found the magnetic South Pole.
  • 1986 – First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • 2006 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was sworn in as Liberia’s president. She was Africa’s first female elected head of state.

Sunday, January 15, 2012

January 15 in History

January 15 is the 15th day of the year. There are 351 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1559 – Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London. 
  • 1759 – The British Museum opened. 
  • 1777 – New Connecticut (present day Vermont) declared its independence.
  • 1844 – The University of Notre Dame received its charter from the state of Indiana.
  • 1870 – A political cartoon for the first time portrayed the Democratic Party with as a donkey.
  • 1936 – The first building to be completely covered in glass, built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, was completed in Toledo, OH.
  • 1943 – The world's largest office building (at the time), The Pentagon, was dedicated in Arlington, VA.
  • 1967 – The first Super Bowl was played in Los Angeles, California. The Green Bay Packers defeated the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10. 
  • 2001– Wikipedia, a free content encyclopedia, went online.

Saturday, January 14, 2012

January 14 in History

January 14 is the 14th day of the year. There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1129 – Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
  • 1639 – The Fundamental Orders the first written constitution that created a government is adopted in Connecticut.
  • 1898 – Lewis Carroll, English author and mathematician, died. He was born in 1832.
  • 1943 – Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President of the US to travel via airplane while in office when he traveled from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
  • 1952 – NBC's long-running morning news program “Today” debuted.
  • 1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merged with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Company.
  • 1967 – The Human Be-In took place in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love.
  • 1957 - Humphrey Bogart died. He was born in 1899.
  • 1972 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412, and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
  • 1998 – Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).

Friday, January 13, 2012

January 13 in History

January 13 is the 13th day of the year. There are 353 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1605– The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston was performed, with two of the three authors imprisoned.
  • 1607 – The Bank of Genoa failed after the announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
  • 1733 – James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrived in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1785 – John Walter published the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times) in London.
  • 1893 – The socialist Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom held its first meeting. The Party was dissolved in 1975.
  • 1898 – Emile Zola’s letter, J’accuse, was published leading to the exoneration of the falsely accused Alfred Dreyfus.
  • 1910 – The first public radio broadcast was heard; a live performance of the opera Cavalleria rusticana from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
  • 1942 – Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile that was 30% lighter than a regular car.
  • 1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  • 1990 – L. Douglas Wilder became the first African American elected governor when he took office in Richmond, Virginia.

Thursday, January 12, 2012

January 12 in History

January 12 is the 12th day of the year. There are 354 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1773 – The first public Colonial American Museum opened in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1777 – Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in what is today Santa Clara, California.
  • 1895 – The National Trust was founded in the United Kingdom. 
  • 1908 – A long-distance radio message was sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time. 
  • 1915 – The Rocky Mountain National Park was formed by an act of Congress.
  • 1915 – The US House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote. 
  • 1918 – Finland’s "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1926 – The original “Sam ‘n’ Henry” radio program aired on Chicago radio. In 1928, the program was renamed “Amos ‘n’ Andy.”
  • 2004 – The world's largest ocean liner, the RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.
  • 2010 – The 2010 Haiti earthquake occurred killing at least 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince.

Wednesday, January 11, 2012

January 11 in History

January 11 is the 11th day of the year. There are 355 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1569 – First recorded lottery in England took place.
  • 1571 – The Austrian nobility was granted freedom of religion.
  • 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company was incorporated.
  • 1787 – William Herschel discovered Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
  • 1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal was killed in Georgia while trying to serve court papers, the first US Marshal to die in the line of duty.
  • 1805 - The Michigan Territory was established.
  • 1861 – Alabama seceded from the United States.
  • 1908 – The Grand Canyon National Monument was created.
  • 1912 – The Lawrence Textile Strike began in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
  • 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
  • 1927 – The creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was announced in Los Angeles, California by Louis B. Mayer.
  • 1935 – Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
  • 1949 – First recorded snowfall in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., published a landmark report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking nation- and worldwide anti-smoking efforts.
  • 1972 – East Pakistan renamed itself Bangladesh.

Tuesday, January 10, 2012

January 10 in History

January 10 is the 10th day of the year. There are 356 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1776 – Thomas Paine published Common Sense.
  • 1861 – Florida seceded from the Union.
  • 1863 – The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opened between London Paddington Station and Farrigdon Station.
  • 1870 – John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.
  • 1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
  • 1920 – The Treaty of Versailles took effect, officially ending World War I.
  • 1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opened in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.
  • 1946 – The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducted Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the Moon and receiving the reflected signals.
  • 1962 – NASA announced plans to build the C-5 rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.
  • 1984 – The United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations again after 117 years.
  • 1990 – Time Warner was formed from the merger of Time, Inc. and Warner Communications, Inc.

Monday, January 9, 2012

January 9 in History

January 9 is the ninth day of the year. There are 357 days remaining until the end of the year. 
  • 1349 – The Jews of of Basel, Switzerland, believed to have caused the plague, were rounded up and incinerated.
  • 1768 – In London, Philip Astley staged the first modern circus.
  • 1788 – Connecticut became the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
  • 1793 – Jean-Pierre Blanchard became the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.
  • 1839 – The French Academy of Sciences announced the Daguerreotype photography process.
  • 1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist leader, was born. She died in 1947.
  • 1861 – Mississippi became the second state to secede from the Union.
  • 1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installed the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1909 – Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, planted the British flag 97 nautical miles (112 miles) from the South Pole.
  • 1918 – The Battle of Bear Valley was the last battle of the American Indian Wars.
  • 1951 – The headquarters of the United Nations officially opened in New York City. 
  • 1960 – President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser began construction on the Aswan Dam, detonating 10 tons of dynamite on the Nile River.
  • 2005 – Elections were held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Sunday, January 8, 2012

January 8 in History

January 8 is the eighth day of the year. There are 358 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1790 – George Washington delivered the first State of the Union Address in New York City.
  • 1835 - The United States national debt stood at $0 for the only time.
  • 1877 – Crazy Horse fought his last battle against the US Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory.
  • 1889 – Herman Hollerith was issued US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator.
  • 1912 – The African National Congress was founded.
  • 1940 – Britain introduced food rationing.
  • 1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a War on Poverty in the United States.
  • 1975 – Ella Grasso became Governor of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a Governor in the US in her own right.
  • 1963 – Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa was exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  • 1982 – AT&T agreed to divest itself of 22 subdivisions.
  • 2002 – President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act.
  • 2011 – An attempted assassination of Arizona Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona killed six people and wounds 13, including Congresswoman Giffords.

Saturday, January 7, 2012

January 7 in History

January 7 is the Festival of Seven Herbs (Nanakusa no sekku) in Japan
  • 1608 – Fire destroyed Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America.
  • 1610 – Galileo Galilei observed three of the four largest moons of Jupiter for the first time.
  • 1782 – The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opened.
  • 1894 – W.K. Dickson received a patent for motion picture film.
  • 1904 – The first distress signal for radio, “CQD,” was established, but replaced 2 years later by "SOS.”
  • 1920  – The New York State Assembly refused to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.
  • 1927 – The first transatlantic telephone service was established between New York City and London.
  • 1952 – President Harry Truman announced that the United States had developed the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1980 – President Jimmy Carter authorized legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1985 – Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency launched Sakigake, Japan's first interplanetary spacecraft, becoming only the third nation to do so.
  • 1999 – The Senate trial in the impeachment of U.S. President Bill Clinton began.

Friday, January 6, 2012

January 6 in History

January 6 is the sixth day of the year. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1838 – Samuel Morse first successfully tests the electric telegraph.
  • 1884 – Gregor Joann Mendel, Austrian scientist & founder of genetics, died. He was born in 1822.
  • 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral was chartered by the US Congress.
  • 1907 – Maria Montessori opened her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome. 
  • 1912 – New Mexico was admitted as the 47th US state.
  • 1919 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, died. He was born in 1858
  • 1929 – Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin her work among India’s poorest and sick people.
  • 1930 – The first diesel-engined automobile trip, from Indianapolis, Indiana to New York City, was completed.
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison submitted his last patent application.
  • 1942 – Pan American Airlines became the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world.
  • 1950 – The United Kingdom recognized the People’s Republic of China. The Republic of China (Taiwan) severed diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
  • 1974 – In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commenced nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 2005 – Edgar Ray Killen was arrested as a suspect in the 1964 murders of three civil rights workers, James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner. He was found guilty of three counts of manslaughter  on June 21, 2005, the forty-first anniversary of the crime. He appealed the verdict, but his sentence of 20 years in prison for each victim was upheld on January 12, 2007 by the Mississippi Supreme Court.

Thursday, January 5, 2012

January 5 in History

January 5 is National Bird Day in the US.
  • 1895 – French military officer Alfred Dreyfus was stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island for treason. Amidst charges of anti-Semitism, he was exonerated of all charges in 1906. 
  • 1914 – The Ford Motor Company announced an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 (0.63 cents per hour) for a day's labor.
  • 1918 – The Free Committee for a German Workers Peace, which would become the Natzi party, was founded.
  • 1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming became the 1st woman governor in the United States
  • 1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge began in San Francisco Bay. 
  • 1939 – Amelia Earhart, American aviator was declared dead after disappearing in 1937. She was born in 1897.
  • 1972 – US President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
  • 1974 – The warmest reliably measured temperature (+59°F) in Antarctica was recorded at Vanda Station.
  • 2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, was discovered using images originally taken in 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.

Wednesday, January 4, 2012

January 4 in History

January 4 is the fourth day of the year. There are 362 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1698 – Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, was destroyed by fire. 
  • 1847 – Samuel Colt sold his first revolver to the United States government.
  • 1865 – The New York Stock Exchange opened its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
  • 1885 – The first successful appendectomy was performed by William W. Grant on Mary Gartside.
  • 1896 – Utah was admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
  • 1972 – Rose Heilbron became the first woman judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London. #judiciary #firsts #herstory
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Ann Seton became the first American-born saint. #religion #saints #herstory
  • 2007  – The US Congress convened, and elected Nancy Pelosi as the first woman Speaker of the House in U.S. history.
  • 2010 – The Burj Khalifa, the world's tallest building at 2,273 feet was officially opened in Dubai.