Monday, November 21, 2011

Week of November 21 in History

November 21 is the 325th day of the year. There are 40 days remaining until the end of the year.
November 21 is World Television Day. 
November 21 is National Adoption Day in the US. 
  • 164 BCE – Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restored the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 1783 – The first untethered hot air balloon flight was made in Paris.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison announced his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content? was published and led to the mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc².
  • 1953 – The British Natural History Museum announced that the Piltdown Man initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, was a hoax.
  • 1969 – The first permanent ARPANET Link is established between UCLA and SRI, marking the beginning of the Internet.
November 22 is the 326th day of the year. There are 39 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player who won 12 Grand Slam singles titles, 16 Grand Slam women's doubles titles, and 11 Grand Slam mixed doubles titles., was born.
  • 1943 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek met in Cairo, Egypt to discuss ways to defeat Japan.
  • 1954 – The Humane Society of the United States was founded. 
  • 1963 – US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, TX.
  • 1968 – The Beatles released The Beatles (the White Album).
  • 1977 – British Airways inaugurated Concorde service between London and NYC.
  • 1995 – Toy Story was released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
  • 2005 – Angela Merkel became the first woman Chancellor of Germany.
November 23 is the 327th day of the year. There are 38 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 534 BCE – Thespis of Icaria became the first actor to portray a character on stage.
  • 1876 – Tammany Hall leader William Tweed (aka Boss Tweed) was returned to NYC after being captured in Spain. He was arrested because he cost the taxpayers of New York $200 million due to his corruption while an elected official.
  • 1889 – The first jukebox was installed in a saloon in San Francisco.
  • 1936 – The first edition of Life magazine was published.
  • 1963 – The BBC broadcast the first episode of Doctor Who.
  • 1990 – The first all-woman expedition to the South Pole began.
  • 1990 – Roald Dahl, British children’s author of 20 books, died. He was born in 1916.
November 24 is the 328th day of the year. There are 37 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1639 – The transit of Venus was observed by Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree.
  • 1859 – Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species.
  • 1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opened.
  • 1950 – Pickens, WV, recorded 57 inches of snow during a snowstorm dubbed the “Storm of the Century. It paralyzed the northeastern US and Appalachians with winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures.
  • 1975 – Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discovered the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, named Lucy, in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.

November 25 is the 329th day of the year. There are 36 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1846 – Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate, was born. She died in 1911.
  • 1864 – The Confederate Army of Manhattan set 20 fires in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down NYC.
  • 1952 – Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap premiered at the Ambassadors Theatre in London, and later became the longest continuously-running play in history.
  • 1963 – President John F. Kennedy was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1970 – In Japan Nobel-nominated author Yukio Mishima committed ritualistic suicide (seppuku) after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
  • 1999 – The United Nations established the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.
November 26 is the 330th day of the year. There are 35 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1832 – Mary E. Walker, US feminist and physician, was born. She is the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor. She died in 1919. 
  • 1922 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist and creator of the Peanuts gang, was born. He died in 2000.
  • 1922 – Howard Carter became the first person to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.
  • 2003 – The Concorde made its final flight, over Bristol, England.
  • 2004 – A male Po’ouli  (Black-faced honeycreeper), first discovered in 1973 on the eastern slopes of Haleakala on the island of Maui, died of Avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center before a mate could be found for it and it could breed. It is now probably extinct.
November 27 is the 331st day of the year. There are 34 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • 1895 – In Paris, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize.
  • 1924 – In New York City, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade was held.

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